Friday, October 7, 2011

Doctors Separate Twins Joined at Head

Level: Intermediate

Joined together: The twins were born with their heads fused, a rare condition that only one in 10million survive
Credits to: Dailymail.Co.Uk

Doctors in the U.K. have successfully separated a pair of Sudanese twins who were born with the tops of their heads joined together. The 11-month-old baby girls, Rital and Ritag Gaboura, had four different operations over four months. They are now doing well in a London hospital and are expected to make a full recovery. The rare condition that joined their heads happens once in about 2.5 million births. Surgery to separate them can be extremely dangerous as surgeons have to cut the brains and deal with the major flow of blood between the two brains. Such operations can leave significant neurological damage, although that does not appear to be the case with Rital and Ritag.

The charity Facing the World, which helps disfigured children, helped the twins receive the operation they needed. The charity’s spokeswoman Sarah Driver-Jowitt described just how successful the surgery was: “Within days the twins were back on the general ward interacting and playing as before," she said. Lead surgeon Dr David Dunaway said: "Incidences of surviving twins with this condition are extremely rare. The task presented innumerable challenges and we were all very aware of our responsibility to the family and these two little girls." Another expert surgeon in this field, Dr James Goodrich, said: "So far the results have been exceptional. I think both kids will do quite well."

Vocabulary Words: Read the vocabulary words and the definitions. Make your own sentence using the vocabulary word/s afterwards.
separated (v.): removed connection, unconnected
  • The doctors separated the twins' heads.
operation (n.): surgery
  • The twins had an operation.
  • It is an operation to remove the cancer cells.
expected (v.): believed, 期待
  • He is expected to go to the store.
rare (adj.): uncommon
  • The case of Rital and Ritaj is very rare.
appear (v.): seem or look
  • The child appears to be healthy, but the doctor is concerned.
  • This appears to be a very difficult problem.
disfigured (adj.): deformed, 変形した
  • I don't want to look at his disfigured face.
incident (n.): event, 事件
  • There was a strange incident in the supermarket today.
innumerable (adj.): cannot be counted, too many
  • The assignments that the teacher gave are innumerable!
expert (n.): specialist, 専門家
  • He is an expert car designer.
exceptional (adj.): excellent, 例外的な
  • His piano playing is exceptional.

Comprehension check: Answer the questions based on the article.
1. What did the doctors do to Rital and Ritag?
2. How many operations did the twins have?
3. What is the name of the charity that helped the twins receive their operation?

1. What do you think of the article?
2. What do you think of a surgery?
3. Do you want to have a normal twin brother or sister?

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